Burgundy is a diverse region with 113 appellations. They are classified by the French AOC regulations (Appellations d'Origine Contrôlées), and this
system aims to provide a guarantee of the origin and quality of the wine. Before an appellation is granted every wine is tasted and analysed before
bottling. Burgundy has four classifications from the Regional Wines to the Grand Cru's with each classification representing a step-up in quality and
Regional wines are produced from grapes grown anywhere in Burgundy. They are labelled Bourgogne Rouge / Red Burgundy followed by the grape
variety Pinot Noir or Bourgogne Blanc / White Burgundy followed by the grape variety Chardonnay. Crémant de Bourgogne, a sparkling wine is also
a regional appellation.
Village wines are named after the village or commune where the grapes are grown. The label may read as Marsannay and could include the name
of the vineyard, eg: Marsannay "Clos du Roy".
Vineyards or "climats" classified as Premier Cru are capable of consistently producing high quality wines. The label will have the name of the village
with "Premier Cru / 1er Cru" added, eg: Gevrey-Chambertin 1er Cru or the name of the village and the name of the vineyard, eg: Gevrey-Chambertin
1er Cru "Les Cazetiers".
Grand cru status is only awarded to the finest vineyards in Burgundy. There are 33 Grand Cru vineyards representing just 1% of Burgundy's annual
production. The label will only have the name of the vineyard and the Grand Cru classification with the independent AOC (Appellation Contrôlée).
eg: Chevalier-Montrachet Grand Cru Appellation Contrôlée.
Regional Wines Village Wines Premier Cru Grand Cru